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Prevention: Don't panic at the ticks. How can you protect yourself?
Every spring, epidemic horror reports about the spread of the tick, especially the woodbuck (Ixodes ricinus) and the diseases it causes, appear in the media in spring. This year, too (after the current data from the Robert Koch Institute has been published) it is reported in good time that the number of reported cases of TBE and Lyme disease in various regions of Germany has increased. While Lyme disease can be stopped with early antibiotic treatment, there is no special therapy for early summer meningoencephalitis (TBE). A vaccine has been available for this purpose for some years to prevent the outbreak of the viral disease. But even simple preventive measures can effectively reduce the risk of infection:
Do not panic despite the media horror of ticks: if the tick as a bloodsucker does not enjoy a good reputation anyway, its reputation suffers massively from the fact that pathogens can be transmitted through its bite. And so it is presented to us in words and pictures as a starving vampire who “lurks” in trees and bushes to attack at the right moment. The wooden trestle actually sits close to the ground on a blade of grass, from which we strip it as we pass. Proper clothing prevents contact with ticks: To enable the tick to have little "skin contact", long sleeves and legs with closed cuffs and sturdy, closed shoes should be worn outdoors.
What ticks may not smell: sprays or lotions that contain essential oils from anise, lavender, rosemary, tea tree, citronella or patchouli irritate and drive away the insects, but they must be applied every hour in order to be fully effective. Alternatively, eating a clove of garlic before walking in the forest keeps ticks away.
Evening search for ticks: After spending time outdoors, the entire body should be thoroughly checked for ticks. Particularly popular positions are e.g. The back of the knees, groin and armpits. The risk of a borreliosis infection is reduced so massively because the pathogens are transmitted after 24 hours at the earliest.
The professional removal of the tick is crucial: If a tick is found, it is important to remove it with a suitable tool (tick pliers) calmly and without adding oils or other substances. Avoid squeezing and squeezing the carcass, as this leads to the elimination of metabolic products and pathogens. If in doubt, a medical practitioner should be consulted for removal and wound care.
By the way: the tick stings according to parasitological standards, similar to how a brake does. Nevertheless, the term "tick bite" is found far more frequently in everyday language or reports on the insect. The reason is probably the length of the stinging, which makes one think of a “biting”, which in turn suggests willfulness and maliciousness. In connection with the representation of ticks in the media, the doctor compared Dr. C. Löser from the dermatology clinic of the Justus Liebig University in Gießen commented on the fear of the insects with an "environmental medical phobia" years ago in a commentary from the "Dermatologist" magazine. (Dipl.Päd. J.Viñals Stein, naturopath, April 15, 2010)
Ticks: alarm in Germany?